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W.M. Dudok (1884-1974)

Willem Marinus Dudok was born in Amsterdam in 1884. After graduating as an engineer from the Royal Military Academy in Breda, he was involved in the design and construction of fortresses and barracks for the Netherlands army. In 1913 he started a career as a civil architect, when he was appointed temporary director of the Public Works department of the city of Leiden. A couple of years later he became the director of the similar department in Hilversum, followed by the appointment as City Architect in 1928. Dudok was responsible for many public buildings and entire new neighbourhoods in this rapidly growing city. While in his early work Dudok's style is closely related to that of the Amsterdam School, later the influence of Frank Lloyd Wright becomes more important, resulting in a style that is sometimes referred to as Cubistic Expressionism. Dodok's work is of some international influence. He received the RIBA Gold Medal in 1935 and the AIA Gold Medal in 1955. He died in Hilversum in 1974 and is buried on the Northern Cemetary, one of his own designs.

The following is the old Archimon page about this architect. The list of Dudok's work is incomplete.

1911 Den Helder (NH): Veterans house

Demolished. No further details.


1915-1916 Leiderdorp (ZH) : New neighbourhood

In cooperation with J.J.P. Oud. No further details.


1916 Hilversum (NH) : Municipal works building

No further details.


1916-1917 Leiden (ZH): Building Leidsch Dagblad

Newspaper office in a style closely related to that of the Amsterdam School.


1916-1917 Hilversum (NH): Police-office

No further details.


1917-1919 Hilversum (NH): 1st municipal housing project

No further details.


1917-1918 Hilversum (NH): School Geraniumstraat

No further details.


1919-1920 Hilversum (NH): 2nd municipal housing project

No further details.


1919-1924 Hilversum (NH): Municipal abattoir

No further details.


1919-1920 Hilversum (NH): Municipal sports park

No further details.


1920 Hilversum (NH): Rembrandtschool

No further details.


1920 Hilversum (NH): Municipal baths

No further details.


1920 Laren (NH): House De Boer

No further details.


1920 Hilversum (NH): 3rd municipal housing project

No further details.


1921-1922 Hilversum (NH): Dr. Bavinckschool

No further details.


1921 Naarden (NH): 3 villa's

No further details.


1921 Den Haag (ZH): villa's

No further details.


1922 Hilversum (NH): Oranjeschool

No further details.


1924-1931 Hilversum (NH): town hall





Dudok's most important work. Assymetrical building composed of box-like shapes, with a mostly horizontal accent which is broken by vertical elements.


1925 Hilversum (NH): Minchelerschool

No further details.


1925-1927 Hengelo (Ov): House P.C. Borst

No further details.


1926 Hilversum (NH): Fabritiusschool

No further details.


1927-1930 Hilversum (NH): Noorderbegraafplaats



Northern cemetary. Auditorium with elongated front facade, interrupted by a square entrance with slender pillars.


1927-1928 Paris, France: Dutch students' house

No further details.


1928 Paris, France: Dutch pavilion

No further details.


1928-1929 Hilversum (NH): Vondelschool

No further details.


1929-1930 Rotterdam (ZH): De Bijenkorf department store

Largely destroyed in May 1940, remains demolished after the war.


1930-1932 Hilversum (NH): Snelliusschool



School. No further details.


1930 Hilversum (NH): Valerisschool

No further details.


1930 Hilversum (NH): Calvijnschool

No further details.


1931-1935 Schiedam (ZH): HAV bank

No further details.


1931-1932 Hilversum (NH): Duivenschool




Infant school. No further details.


1933 Afsluitdijk monument

Monument for the completion of the Afsluitdijk between Noord-Holland and Friesland. No further details.


1938-1939 Arnhem (G): office-building De Nederlanden van 1845



Office-building with a reinforced concrete skeleton which is invisible on the outside. Glass stairway at the side. Facade follows the curve of the street.


1938-1939 Rotterdam (ZH): Erasmusflat/Hollandse Bank Unie

Destroyed May 1940 and rebuilt 19530-1955.


1938 Tilburg (NB): Houses

Houses in the Philips Vingboonsstraat and Zorgvlied neighbourhood. Use of yellow brick.


1939 Eindhoven (NB): Het Witte Dorp

Neighbourhood of the garden village type for the workers of the nearby Philips factory. Houses similar to those in Tilburg.


1939-1941 Utrecht (U): City theatre

No further details.


1939 Vreeland (U): Bridge

Bridge over the river Vecht.


1948-1951 Velsen-Noord (NH): Hoogovens buildings

No further details.


1953 Prototype petrol station



Factory-made petrol station, built at various locations. The example in the picture is one of only a few left, and is located in Groningen.


1957-1965 Amsterdam (NH): harbour building

No further details.


1967 Amsterdam (NH): flats Buitenveldert

High-rise flats designed in cooperation with B. Bijvoet.